What is an Environmental Product Declaration?
An Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is a document which provides information about a product or service, including information about its environmental impact. The information about its environmental impact is based on a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA, follow this link for more on LCAs).
EPDs are becoming the standard globally for manufacturers/vendors for communicating the environmental impact of their products or services so that buyers can make informed purchasing decisions. The EPD® acronym is a registered trademarks within the European Union.
What is the difference between a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and an Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)?
A LCA is a key input into an EPD. However, an EPD also includes other information, such as information about the company which manufactures the product. Importantly, all EPDs have to be prepared in a standardised way (to ISO 14025) and the input into an EPD has been verified by a third party. As a result, you can generally trust the information in an EPD and EPDs are comparable for two similar products.
LCAs that are used as an inputs for EPDs also follow a standardised approach. However, there are also LCAs that are prepared in their own right and not all of them follow a recognised standard.
Why aren’t EPDs printed on every product?
EPDs contain too much information to print on the packaging of most consumer products . Also, they use a lot of technical jargon. However, that’s where envormation comes in. envormation summarises and ‘translates’ EPDs into simple language that anyone can understand and that doesn’t take an hour to read.